Synthesis of antihyperglycemic, α-glucosidase inhibitory, and DPPH free radical scavenging furanochalcones
It is proposed that the hydronium ion, H3O+, binds to the E1 conformation of the alpha-subunit of gastric proton pump. The H3O+ binding cavities are characterized parametrically based on valence, sequence, geometry, and size considerations from comparative modeling. The cavities have scope for accommodating monovalent cations of different ionic radii. The H3O+ transport is proposed to be aided by arenes which are arranged regularly along the pump starting from N-domain through the transmembrane region. Step-by-step structural changes accompanying H3O+ occlusion are studied in detail. The observations corroborate well with earlier experimental studies.