Protocol for a realist review of complex interventions to prevent adolescents from engaging in multiple risk behaviours

@article{Cooper2017ProtocolFA,
  title={Protocol for a realist review of complex interventions to prevent adolescents from engaging in multiple risk behaviours},
  author={Christina Cooper and Monique Lhussier and Janet Shucksmith and Susan M. D. Carr},
  journal={BMJ Open},
  year={2017},
  volume={7}
}
Objectives Adolescent risk behaviours are a key health concern. The purpose of this research is to gaina deeper understanding of how, why, for whom, and inwhat circumstances complex adolescent risk behaviourprevention programmes are most successful. Methods and analysis To understand how adolescent risk behaviour prevention programmes work in a reallife context, a realist synthesis will be undertaken, operationalised in four phases. Phase one Developing a framework to map the theoretical and… 

Community mobilisation approaches to preventing and reducing adolescent multiple risk behaviour: a realist review protocol

TLDR
The aim is that the findings surrounding the programme theory refinement can be used to develop and implement adolescent multiple risk behaviour interventions and maintain collaboration between local policy makers, researchers and community members.

Reducing LGBTQ+ adolescent mental health inequalities: A realist review of school-based interventions

Background: Globally, research indicates that LGBTQ+ young people have elevated rates of poor mental health in comparison to their cisgender heterosexual peers. School environment is a key risk

Blurring the boundaries between synthesis and evaluation. A customized realist evaluative synthesis into adolescent risk behavior prevention

TLDR
A key finding from this research was that combining the complexity checklist with primary data from stakeholder engagement enabled us to systematically interrogate the data across data sources, uncovering and evidencing mechanisms which may otherwise have remained hidden, giving greater ontological depth to the research findings.

Realist evaluation to improve health systems responsiveness to neglected health needs of vulnerable groups in Ghana and Vietnam: Study protocol

TLDR
The RESPONSE study aims to understand, co-produce, implement and evaluate context-sensitive interventions to improve health systems responsiveness to health needs of vulnerable groups in Ghana and Vietnam, and develops an empirically-grounded and theoretically-informed model of complex contexts-mechanisms-outcomes relations.

Protocol for a realist synthesis of health systems responsiveness in low-income and middle-income countries

TLDR
This realist synthesis contributes to bridging the knowledge gaps in underlying theories of health systems responsiveness, and the mechanisms through which responsiveness works, by exploring responsiveness as entailing external and internal interactions within health systems.

Realist Review of Interventions Influencing Waste Management and Minimization Practices in New Zealand: Protocol and Initial Program Theory

TLDR
Through identifying and testing the program theory, with insights from both indigenous and social practice theories, the proposed review will support the design of policies, programs and activities required to achieve the desired outcome of waste minimization in the context of New Zealand.

Oral health interventions for people living with mental disorders: protocol for a realist systematic review

TLDR
This realist systematic review is the first review to take a realist approach to explore the broad scope of causal factors that impact on the success or failure of oral health interventions for people with mental disorders.

A Rapid Realist Review of Quality Care Process Metrics Implementation in Nursing and Midwifery Practice

TLDR
An RRR informed by RAMESES II standards was conducted as an efficient means to synthesize evidence using an expert panel to provide nursing and midwifery policymakers and professionals with evidence-based program theory that can be translated into action-orientated strategies to help guide successful QCP-M implementation.

Understanding what works, why and in what circumstances in hospice at home services for end-of-life care: Applying a realist logic of analysis to a systematically searched literature review

TLDR
A systematically searched literature review showed how it was possible to develop a coherent framework and test it against 34 published papers and abstracts, and as further evidence emerges, the programme theories can be refined and tested against any new empirical evidence.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 35 REFERENCES

An overview of prevention of multiple risk behaviour in adolescence and young adulthood.

TLDR
This review synthesized the evidence on 'what works' to prevent multiple risk behaviour for policy-makers, practitioners and academics to identify promising intervention programmes and to give a narrative overview of the wider influences on risk behaviour, in order to help inform future intervention strategies and policies.

A realist synthesis of the evidence on outreach programmes for health improvement of Traveller Communities

TLDR
An explanatory framework details how, why and in what circumstances participation, behaviour change or social capital development happened in Traveller Communities, and offers a framework with explanatory purchase as to the potential of outreach to improve health in marginalized groups.

The meaning of patient involvement and participation in health care consultations: a taxonomy.

  • A. Thompson
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Social science & medicine
  • 2007

Using qualitative methods to elicit young people's perspectives on their environments: some ideas for community health initiatives.

  • V. Morrow
  • Psychology
    Health education research
  • 2001
This paper describes qualitative methods used in a research project for the former Health Education Authority, exploring Putnam's concept of 'social capital' in relation to children and young

Improving skills and care standards in the support workforce for older people: a realist review

TLDR
The main output from this review will be a new theory driven framework for skill development for the support workforce in health and social care for older people.

Multiple risk behaviour in adolescence and socio-economic status: findings from a UK birth cohort

TLDR
The association between multiple risk behaviours and SES suggests that prevention strategies should apply the principal of proportionate universalism with a focus on more deprived populations, within a population-wide strategy, to prevent widening of social inequalities.

Preventing High-Risk Sexual Behavior in Early Adulthood with Family Interventions in Adolescence: Outcomes and Developmental Processes

TLDR
It is found that the direct effect of the FCU on HRSB was not significant; however, an analysis of the developmental processes indicated that intervention families demonstrated improved family relationship quality when compared to control families, which resulted in lower levels of H RSB in early adulthood.

A systematic review of effective interventions for reducing multiple health risk behaviors in adolescence.

TLDR
Interventions that prevented or reduced 2 or more adolescent health risk behaviors and were effective for multiple forms of substance use are identified and may be more efficient than discrete prevention strategies.