Proteolysis of human native and oxidised alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor by matrilysin and stromelysin.


Matrilysin is shown to rapidly inactivate alpha 1PI, an inhibitor of elastase, by cleaving the Pro357-Met358 peptide bond of its reactive centre. The rate of inactivation of alpha 1PI by matrilysin is four times higher than stromelysin. Matrilysin cleaves oxidised alpha 1PI at the Phe352-Leu353 bond, whilst stromelysin cleaves oxidised alpha 1PI at the… (More)