Protective effects of the sickle cell gene against malaria morbidity and mortality

@article{Aidoo2002ProtectiveEO,
  title={Protective effects of the sickle cell gene against malaria morbidity and mortality},
  author={M. Aidoo and D. Terlouw and M. Kolczak and P. Mcelroy and F. Kuile and S. Kariuki and B. Nahlen and A. Lal and V. Udhayakumar},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2002},
  volume={359},
  pages={1311-1312}
}
The high frequency of the sickle-cell haemoglobin (HbS) gene in malaria endemic regions is believed to be due to a heterozygote (HbAS) advantage against fatal malaria. [...] Key Result We show that HbAS provides significant protection against all-cause mortality, severe malarial anaemia, and high-density parasitaemia. This significant reduction in mortality was detected between the ages of 2 and 16 months, the highest risk period for severe malarial anaemia in this area. These data are important in…Expand
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The present data are useful in that they confirm the mechanisms by which HbAS confers protection against malaria and shed light on the relationships between Hbas, malaria, and other childhood diseases. Expand
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A model incorporating three genotypes and two age cohorts is used to test the hypothesis that higher death rates due to malaria can exert selective pressure to increase the prevalence of the sickle cell gene. Expand
Biochemical and immunological mechanisms by which sickle cell trait protects against malaria
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A better understanding of relevant mechanisms will provide valuable insight into the host-parasite relationship, including the role of the host immune system in protection against malaria. Expand
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The purpose of this review is to introduce the molecular and biochemical basis of defense mechanisms associated with sickle-cell trait and Glucose-6-phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency (G6PD), which is the most frequent enzymopathy present in humans. Expand
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The main aim is to investigate the impact of malaria treatment on the frequency of sickle cell gene, and develops a mathematical model that describes the interactions between malaria and sicklecell gene under malaria treatment. Expand
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Analysis of the age-specific protection afforded by HbAS against clinical malaria in children living on the coast of Kenya found that protection increased with age from only 20% in the first 2 y of life to a maximum of 56% by the age of 10 y, returning thereafter to 30% in participants greater than 10 y old. Expand
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The prevalence and levels of HbF and the IgG responses to Plasmodium falciparum antigens in 100 SCD patients aged 5-30 years living in a malariaendemic area in Western Kenya imply that HBF can provide protection against malaria in SCD Patients living in malaria endemic areas and thus increase their life expectancy. Expand
Differential impact of sickle cell trait on symptomatic and asymptomatic malaria.
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A mathematical model of malaria transmission that incorporates the evolutionary dynamics of S-gene frequency indicates that the fitness of sickle cell trait is likely to increase with the proportion of symptomatic malaria infections, and shows that control efforts aimed at diminishing the burden of symptoma malaria are not likely to eradicate malaria in endemic areas. Expand
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