Protective effects of plasma carotenoids on the risk of bladder cancer.

  title={Protective effects of plasma carotenoids on the risk of bladder cancer.},
  author={Rayjean J Hung and Zuo-Feng Zhang and Jian Yu Rao and Allan D Pantuck and Victor E. Reuter and David Heber and Qingjun Lu},
  journal={The Journal of urology},
  volume={176 3},
PURPOSE We examined the associations between plasma micronutrients and bladder cancer risk, and evaluated the combined effects of carotenoid and cigarette smoke. MATERIALS AND METHODS We performed a case-control study in 242 patients with bladder cancer and 204 healthy controls at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center from 1993 to 1997. Epidemiological data and blood specimens were collected on 84 cases and 173 controls. Plasma micronutrients, including lutein, zeaxanthin, beta-cryptoxanthin… CONTINUE READING
Highly Cited
This paper has 35 citations. REVIEW CITATIONS
Recent Discussions
This paper has been referenced on Twitter 1 time over the past 90 days. VIEW TWEETS


Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 14 extracted citations


Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 19 references

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…