Protective effects of plasma carotenoids on the risk of bladder cancer.

@article{Hung2006ProtectiveEO,
  title={Protective effects of plasma carotenoids on the risk of bladder cancer.},
  author={Rayjean J Hung and Zuo-Feng Zhang and Jian Yu Rao and Allan D Pantuck and Victor E. Reuter and David Heber and Qingjun Lu},
  journal={The Journal of urology},
  year={2006},
  volume={176 3},
  pages={1192-7}
}
PURPOSE We examined the associations between plasma micronutrients and bladder cancer risk, and evaluated the combined effects of carotenoid and cigarette smoke. MATERIALS AND METHODS We performed a case-control study in 242 patients with bladder cancer and 204 healthy controls at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center from 1993 to 1997. Epidemiological data and blood specimens were collected on 84 cases and 173 controls. Plasma micronutrients, including lutein, zeaxanthin, beta-cryptoxanthin… CONTINUE READING
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