Protective effects of 5-iodo-6-amino-1,2-benzopyrone, an inhibitor of poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase against peroxynitrite-induced glial damage and stroke development.


Peroxynitrite triggers DNA single-strand breakage, which activates the nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase (PARS). Activation of PARS depletes its substrate, NAD+, slowing the rate of glycolysis, electron transport, and ATP formation, resulting in cell necrosis. Here, we demonstrate that inhibition of PARS with the novel, potent PARS inhibitor 5-iodo… (More)


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