Protective effect of L-propionylcarnitine on cyclosporine-induced nephrotoxicity.

Nephrotoxicity has represented the major limitation in the use of cyclosporine A (CyA). The structural abnormalities at the level of the proximal tubular cells are necrosis, vacuolisation and lipid droplets, as well as CyA-induced glomerular afferent arteriole constriction and granular juxtaglomerular cell hyperplasia. The mode of action of vasoconstriction… (More)