Protection of waterborne pathogens by higher organisms in drinking water: a review.

@article{Bichai2008ProtectionOW,
  title={Protection of waterborne pathogens by higher organisms in drinking water: a review.},
  author={Françoise Bichai and Pierre Payment and Benoit Barbeau},
  journal={Canadian journal of microbiology},
  year={2008},
  volume={54 7},
  pages={
          509-24
        }
}
Higher organisms are ubiquitous in surface waters, and some species can proliferate in granular filters of water treatment plants and colonize distribution systems. Meanwhile, some waterborne pathogens are known to maintain viability inside amoebae or nematodes. The well-documented case of Legionella replication within amoebae is only one example of a bacterial pathogen that can be amplified inside the vacuoles of protozoa and then benefit from the protection of a resistant structure that… 

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