Protection against murine cytomegalovirus infection in aged mice and mice with severe combined immunodeficiency disease with the biological response modifiers polyribosinic-polycytidylic acid stabilized with L-lysine and carboxymethylcellulose, maleic anhydride divinyl ether and colony stimulating factor 1.

Abstract

A variety of biological response modifiers (BRMs) have provided antiviral protection to immunocompetent mice, and this prompted us to determine their efficacy against murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) infection in immunocompromised mice-including the profoundly immunocompromised SCID mice and C57Bl/6 and B6D2F1 aged mice. SCID mice showed a marked decrease (> 20-fold) in resistance to MCMV, while there was a slight decrease (3-fold) in aged mice. In BRM antiviral protection studies, SCID mice were almost completely protected against MCMV infection by the pleiotropic immunomodulators, MVE-2 and pICLC, but much less by the more selective CSF-1. pICLC-induced IFN and NK cell cytotoxicity were maintained in SCID mice, suggesting that pleiotropic immunomodulatory effects may be required for antiviral protection in such a profoundly immunocompromised model. pICLC also effectively protected aged mice against lethal MCMV infection and effectively induced IFN. These results emphasize the potential for BRM treatment in immunocompromised hosts.

Statistics

0102030'98'00'02'04'06'08'10'12'14'16
Citations per Year

54 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 54 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Kunder1993ProtectionAM, title={Protection against murine cytomegalovirus infection in aged mice and mice with severe combined immunodeficiency disease with the biological response modifiers polyribosinic-polycytidylic acid stabilized with L-lysine and carboxymethylcellulose, maleic anhydride divinyl ether and colony stimulating factor 1.}, author={Samuel Kunder and Li‐An Wu and Page S . Morahan}, journal={Antiviral research}, year={1993}, volume={21 3}, pages={233-45} }