Protecting biostructure

  title={Protecting biostructure},
  author={Kevin S. McCann},
That biodiversity is in sharp decline is no longer in question, but scientists still heatedly debate the functional consequences of this loss. Attempts to tackle the problem have mainly involved trying to establish a direct link between species diversity and the sustainability of ecosystems. But in taking this approach, scientists have concentrated on diversity at the expense of ignoring the biological structure that maintains ecosystems. This is akin to the physiologist cataloguing animal… Expand
Scientists' warning on endangered food webs
Abstract. All organisms are ultimately dependent on a large diversity of consumptive and non-consumptive interactions established with other organisms, forming an intricate web of interdependencies.Expand
Conservation and restoration of plant–animal mutualisms on oceanic islands
It is argued that mutualistic plant–animal interactions play a pivotal role with regards to conservation and restoration on islands, and that these interactions are ideally suited for inter-island comparisons due to ecological and evolutionary similarities across geographical and taxonomical boundaries. Expand
Congruence between species phylogenetic and trophic distinctiveness
Positive relationships between species contributions to phylogenetic diversity, interaction diversity and nested interaction structure are identified, which means that conservation actions aiming at protecting evolutionary distinct species have the potential to simultaneously maximise interaction Diversity and nested architecture. Expand
Conservation of species interaction networks
The attributes of web structure that are predicted to confer stability or increased function to a system, as these may be of greatest interest to conservation biologists are summarised. Expand
The disentangled bank: how loss of habitat fragments and disassembles ecological networks.
A framework for studying the ways in which habitat loss and fragmentation jointly affect biodiversity by altering both habitat and ecological interaction networks is proposed, which concludes that the explicit study of "networks of networks" is required to understand the impacts of habitat change on biodiversity. Expand
Phenological modularity in amphibian calling behaviour: Geographic trends and local determinants
Phenology of species, the coupling of vital activities to specific times of the year, plays a main role in ecosystem functioning and is expected to be affected by global change. We analysed theExpand
Trophic links between functional groups of arable plants and beetles are stable at a national scale.
This model of associations between weeds and carabids across farmland in Great Britain concludes that, in at least one system of interacting taxa, functional traits can be used to predict consistent, wide-scale trophic links. Expand
From wing to wing: the persistence of long ecological interaction chains in less-disturbed ecosystems
It is shown that seabirds roosting on native trees fertilize soils, increasing coastal nutrients and the abundance of plankton, thus attracting manta rays to native forest coastlines and providing a compelling example of how anthropogenic disturbance may be contributing to widespread reductions in ecological interaction chain length. Expand
Molecular detection of trophic interactions: emerging trends, distinct advantages, significant considerations and conservation applications
  • E. Clare
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Evolutionary applications
  • 2014
Emerging patterns that have come from the various initial model systems, the advantages and limitations of the technique and key areas where these methods may significantly advance the empirical and applied conservation practices are described. Expand
Barcoding a Quantified Food Web: Crypsis, Concepts, Ecology and Hypotheses
This project is the first to barcode a food web in which interactions have already been well-documented and described in space, time and abundance and is poised to be a system in which field-based methods permit the identification capacity required by forestry scientists. Expand