Protecting Children From Tobacco, Nicotine, and Tobacco Smoke

@article{Farber2015ProtectingCF,
  title={Protecting Children From Tobacco, Nicotine, and Tobacco Smoke},
  author={Harold J. Farber and Judith A. Groner and Susan C Walley and Kevin E Nelson},
  journal={Pediatrics},
  year={2015},
  volume={136},
  pages={e1439 - e1467}
}
This technical report serves to provide the evidence base for the American Academy of Pediatrics’ policy statements “Clinical Practice Policy to Protect Children From Tobacco, Nicotine, and Tobacco Smoke” and “Public Policy to Protect Children From Tobacco, Nicotine, and Tobacco Smoke.” Tobacco use and involuntary exposure are major preventable causes of morbidity and premature mortality in adults and children. Tobacco dependence almost always starts in childhood or adolescence. Electronic… Expand
Clinical Practice Policy to Protect Children From Tobacco, Nicotine, and Tobacco Smoke
TLDR
Pediatricians should screen for use of tobacco and other nicotine delivery devices and provide anticipatory guidance to prevent smoking initiation and reduce tobacco smoke exposure, and health care delivery systems should facilitate the effective prevention, identification, and treatment of tobacco dependence. Expand
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TLDR
There is no “safe or risk-free” level of tobacco use or exposure in childhood and adolescence, and tobacco use and exposure must be decreased using evidenced-based strategies to improve child health. Expand
Primary Care Interventions for Prevention and Cessation of Tobacco Use in Children and Adolescents: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement.
TLDR
The USPSTF concludes that there is insufficient evidence to determine the balance of benefits and harms of primary care interventions for tobacco cessation among school-aged children and adolescents who already smoke, because of a lack of adequately powered studies on behavioral counseling interventions and a lacks of studies on medications. Expand
Tobacco Control and Treatment for the Pediatric Clinician: Practice, Policy, and Research Updates.
TLDR
The traditional and new tobacco products reviewed are reviewed, and the unique role that pediatricians should play in tobacco treatment and control efforts are discussed. Expand
Interventions for Tobacco Smoking Cessation in Adults, Including Pregnant Persons: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement.
TLDR
The USPSTF concludes that the evidence on the use of e-cigarettes for tobacco smoking cessation in adults, including pregnant persons, is insufficient, and the balance of benefits and harms cannot be determined. Expand
Guidance for the Clinical Management of Thirdhand Smoke Exposure in the Child Health Care Setting.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that thirdhand smoke exposure is harmful and establishes the need for clinicians to communicate the cessation imperative: the only way to protect non-smoking household members from third hand smoke is for all household smokers to quit smoking completely. Expand
Use of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems Among Adolescents: Status of the Evidence and Public Health Recommendations.
TLDR
The advantages and disadvantages of using ENDS espoused in these position statements, especially as they relate to use among adolescents are summarized. Expand
The vapes of wrath: advocating to protect children from electronic nicotine systems in the age of flavored vapes
TLDR
A novel comorbidity in neonates born to women prenatally exposed to second-hand smoke is posit, an approximate 10% difference in telomere length is found, and possible gender differences in the in utero susceptibility to maternal prenatal second- hand smoke exposure are suggested. Expand
Awareness, Attitudes and Behaviors of Parents for Child Exposure to Tobacco Smoke
TLDR
Raising the awareness of parents and to develop attitudes and behaviors against tobacco use carry quiet importance to protect children from smoking. Expand
Perinatal snus exposure and cardiovascular function in the child
TLDR
Several long-lasting associations with prenatal snus exposure were discovered, indicating a prenatal programming of the cardiovascular function. Expand
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