Protected area downgrading, downsizing, and degazettement (PADDD) and its conservation implications

@article{Mascia2011ProtectedAD,
  title={Protected area downgrading, downsizing, and degazettement (PADDD) and its conservation implications},
  author={Michael B. Mascia and Sharon Pailler},
  journal={Conservation Letters},
  year={2011},
  volume={4}
}
National parks and other protected areas (PAs) are the foundation of global efforts to conserve biological diversity. [] Key Method As a preliminary investigation of PADDD and its implications for conservation science and policy, we explore the published literature and contemporary media reports. We identify 89 historic instances of PADDD, in 27 countries, since 1900. Contemporary accounts reveal that PADDD has recently occurred or is currently under consideration in at least 12 countries worldwide…

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TLDR
A need is suggested for conservation practitioners to better consider PA characteristics, as well as the social, economic and political context in which PAs are situated, to aid the creation of more efficient and sustainable PA networks.

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This work analyzed the occurrence, frequency, magnitude, type, spatial distribution, and causes of changes in PA boundaries and categories in Brazil and found that Relaxing the protection status of existing PAs is proving to be politically easy in Brazil, and the recent increase in frequency and extension of PADDD reflects a change in governmental policy.

Quantifying the extent of protected‐area downgrading, downsizing, and degazettement in Australia

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This is the first assessment of the dynamics of a PA network and the first comprehensive assessment of PADDD in a developed country and the use of data from the World Database on Protected Areas is believed to provide a mechanism for robust tracking of trends in the world's PAs.

Revealing the hidden value of protected areas

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