Prostitutes Are a Major Reservoir of Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Nairobi, Kenya

  title={Prostitutes Are a Major Reservoir of Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Nairobi, Kenya},
  author={Lourdes J. D'costa and Francis Allan Plummer and Ian Bowmer and Lieve Fransen and Peter Piot and Herbert Nsanze},
  journal={Sexually Transmitted Diseases},
Prostitutes are a major reservoir of sexually transmitted diseases in many developing nations. In Nairobi we found that 16%, 28%, and 46%, respectively, of upper-, middle-, and lower-social strata prostitutes were infected with Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Genital ulcers and infections with Haemophilus ducreyi were more prevalent among prostitutes of the middle and lower social strata. A group of 97 prostitutes of the lower social strata were followed longitudinally to determine the rate of… 
AIDS virus infection in Nairobi prostitutes. Spread of the epidemic to East Africa.
Sexual exposure to men from Central Africa was significantly associated with HTLV-III antibody among prostitutes, suggesting transcontinental spread of the epidemic.
Incidence of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Among Massage Parlour Employees in Bangkok, Thailand
None of the risk factors examined were good predictors of STD infection in this population, which may be related to the restricted admission criteria in the study.
Frequent re-infection in a community with hyperendemic gonorrhoea and chlamydia: appropriate clinical actions
The patterns of re-infection in this study do not provide guidance for targeting resources toward a subgroup of the clinic population, butStructuring clinical services to make them more available and acceptable to all potential clinic clients can contribute to decreasing the duration of infections.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases- Ten Years Experience In Benue State
The incidence of four selected curable sexually transmitted disease – gonorrhea, syphilis, Chlamydia and triclononiasis among adults age 15 – 49 among adults in the developing world is estimated at 333million, the vast majority of which occurred in the developed world.
Retrospective seroepidemiology of AIDS virus infection in Nairobi populations.
The results indicate that the AIDS virus was recently introduced into Kenya, that HIV can rapidly disseminate in a high-risk group of heterosexuals, and that prostitutes may have significantly contributed to the spread of the virus.
Eradicating chancroid.
  • R. Steen
  • Medicine
    Bulletin of the World Health Organization
  • 2001
Protecting sex workers and their clients from exposure to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and improving curative services for STDs are among the proven strategies that could be employed.
Sexually Transmitted Infections Among Sex Workers in KwaZulu‐Natal, South Africa
The high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, among female sex workers operating at truckstops in the KwaZulu‐Natal midlands of South Africa clearly highlights the urgent need for interventions.
Global eradication of donovanosis: an opportunity for limiting the spread of HIV-1 infection.
Early implementation of an eradication programme targeting men withDonovanosis could have a significant impact in limiting the spread of HIV in donovanosis-endemic countries and would pre-empt the possibility of both the emergence of drug resistance and treatment failure in individuals with immune impairment.
Etiology of Sexually Transmitted Infections among Street-Based Female Sex Workers in Dhaka, Bangladesh
An etiological study of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) was conducted among female sex workers (FSWs) in Dhaka, Bangladesh and a total of 226 of the 269 FSWs (84%) were positive for the STI pathogens studied.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Africa
Nongonococcal urethritis - caused to 40% by Chlamydia trachomatis - and gonococcal infections are together the most frequent sexually transmitted diseases, related to the fact that these infections  frequently cause asymptomatic or mild disease and do not motivate patients to seek medical care, resulting in an extended period of infectivity and high risk of developing complications.