Prostate-specific antigen levels in nipple aspirate fluid correlate with breast cancer risk.

  title={Prostate-specific antigen levels in nipple aspirate fluid correlate with breast cancer risk.},
  author={Edward R Sauter and Mary B Daly and K Linahan and Hormoz Ehya and Paul F. Engstrom and George Bonney and Eric A. Ross and Herbert Yu and Eleftherios P Diamandis},
  journal={Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology},
  volume={5 12},
Despite the fact that breast cancer is the most common non-cutaneous cancer and a leading cause of cancer deaths in women, accepted markers of breast cancer risk miss up to 40% of these tumors. Moreover, screening methods involving the analysis of tissue or cells are limited by the need for a surgical biopsy. Nipple aspiration is a quick, efficient, noninvasive method to obtain breast epithelial cells, the cells at risk for transformation to carcinoma. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a protein… CONTINUE READING
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