Prostaglandins and other arachidonic acid metabolites in the pathogenesis of clinical and experimental glomerulonephritis.

Abstract

Isolated glomeruli, glomerular epithelial cells and mesangial cells contain the cyclooxygenase enzyme that converts arachidonic acid to prostaglandin (PG)-endoperoxides. Biologically active metabolites of the latter include PGE2, PGF2 alpha, PGI2 and Thromboxane (TX) A2. These substances modulate renal cortical functions, i.e. renin release, renal blood… (More)

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