Prostaglandin E2 synergistically enhances receptor tyrosine kinase-dependent signaling system in colon cancer cells.


Cyclooxygenase (COX)-generated prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) plays critical roles in colorectal carcinogenesis. Recently, we have shown that PGE(2) and transforming growth factor-alpha synergistically induces the expression of amphiregulin (AR) in colon cancer cells (Shao, J., Evers, B. M., and Sheng, H. (2003) Cancer Res. 63, 5218-5223). In this study, we… (More)