Prostaglandin E₂ possesses different potencies in inducing Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor and Interleukin-8 production in COPD human lung fibroblasts.

Abstract

We studied the role of PGE2, its biosynthetic enzymes and its receptors, in regulating the functions of lung fibroblasts through the production of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and Interleukin-8 (IL-8) in COPD subjects. Lung fibroblasts from Control (C) (n=6), Smoker (HS) (n=6) and COPD patients (n=8) were cultured, and basal PGE2, VEGF, and IL-8 measured in supernatants by ELISA. COX-1/COX-2 and EP receptors expression were assessed by western blot and by RT-PCR. Release of VEGF and IL-8 by human fetal lung fibroblasts (HFL-1; lung, diploid, human) was evaluated under different conditions. PGE2, VEGF, and IL-8 levels, COX-2, EP2, and EP4 protein expression and mRNA were increased in COPD when compared to Controls. Low concentrations of synthetic PGE2 increased the release of VEGF in HFL-1, but higher concentrations were needed to induce the release of IL-8. This effect was mimicked by an EP2 agonist and modulated by an EP4 antagonist. In the airways of COPD subjects, fibroblast-derived PGE2 may regulate angiogenesis and inflammation through the production of VEGF and IL-8 respectively, suggesting that the increase in expression of COX-2, EP2 and EP4 observed in COPD fibroblasts may contribute to steering the role of PGE2 from homeostatic to pro-inflammatory.

DOI: 10.1016/j.plefa.2016.01.005

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@article{Bonanno2016ProstaglandinEP, title={Prostaglandin E₂ possesses different potencies in inducing Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor and Interleukin-8 production in COPD human lung fibroblasts.}, author={Anna Bonanno and Giusy Daniela Albano and Liboria Siena and Angela Marina Montalbano and Loredana Riccobono and Giulia Anzalone and Giuseppina Chiappara and Rosalia Gagliardo and Mirella Profita and Angelo Sala}, journal={Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids}, year={2016}, volume={106}, pages={11-8} }