Prostacyclin and nitric oxide-related gene transfer in preventing arterial thrombosis and restenosis.

Prostacyclin (PGI2) and nitric oxide (NO) are potent vascular mediators, playing key roles in protecting arterial wall from injury-induced lesions. The key enzyme that catalyzes PGI2 biosynthesis is cyclooxygenase (COX). COX-1 undergoes auto-inactivation, which severely limits PGI2 synthesis. Overexpression of COX-1 in cultured endothelial cells by COX-1… CONTINUE READING