Prospects in diatom research.

@article{Lopez2005ProspectsID,
  title={Prospects in diatom research.},
  author={Pascal Jean Lopez and Julien Descl{\'e}s and Andrew Ellis Allen and Chris Bowler},
  journal={Current opinion in biotechnology},
  year={2005},
  volume={16 2},
  pages={
          180-6
        }
}
Molecular Tools for Discovering the Secrets of Diatoms
TLDR
This work highlights recent developments in the whole-genome sequencing of Thalassiosira pseudonana and Phaeodactylum tricornutum, and illustrates how they are being used to understand different aspects of diatom biology.
Diatoms in biotechnology: modern tools and applications
TLDR
Progress in the technologies of diatom molecular biology such as genome projects from model organisms, as well as culturing conditions and photobioreactor efficiency, may be able to be combined in the near future to make diatoms a lucrative source of novel substances with widespread relevance.
Diatom-Specific Oligosaccharide and Polysaccharide Structures Help to Unravel Biosynthetic Capabilities in Diatoms
TLDR
Diatoms glycan and polysaccharide structures are reviewed, thus revealing their sugar biosynthesis capabilities and their biotechnological applications.
Diatom Frustules: Physical, Optical, and Biotechnological Applications
Diatoms are unicellular photosynthetic eurkaryotes within the class Bacillariophyceae whose peculiarity amongst other microalgae is a siliceous cell wall (Round et al., 1990). Traditionally, diatoms
IDENTIFICATION AND COMPARATIVE GENOMIC ANALYSIS OF SIGNALING AND REGULATORY COMPONENTS IN THE DIATOM THALASSIOSIRA PSEUDONANA 1
TLDR
The basic cellular systems controlling cell signaling, gene expression, cytoskeletal structures, and response to stress have been cataloged in an attempt to obtain a global view of the molecular foundations that sustain such an ecologically successful group of organisms.
In search of new tractable diatoms for experimental biology.
TLDR
The issue of choosing new models for diatom research is discussed, by taking into account the broader context of diatom mating systems and the place of sex in relation to the intricate cycle of cell size reduction and restitution that is characteristic of most diatoms.
Light manipulation in a marine diatom
Diatoms are well known for the intricately patterned nanostructure of their silica-based cell walls. To date, the optical properties of diatom cell-wall ultrastructures have largely gone
DIATOMS FOR NANO-MANUFACTURING New Principles for Orientation and Immobilization
Diatoms, unicellular micro-algae are one of the most common types of phytoplankton encased in unique cell walls made of silica (hydrated silicon dioxide) called frustules. * The cell wall is composed
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References

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The Genome of the Diatom Thalassiosira Pseudonana: Ecology, Evolution, and Metabolism
TLDR
It is identified novel genes for silicic acid transport and formation of silica-based cell walls, high-affinity iron uptake, biosynthetic enzymes for several types of polyunsaturated fatty acids, use of a range of nitrogenous compounds, and a complete urea cycle, all attributes that allow diatoms to prosper in aquatic environments.
Genome Properties of the Diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum 212
TLDR
Evidence that the P. tricornutum genome is likely to be small and nucleotide sequence data reported has been deposited in GenBank Nucleotide Sequence Database supports the development of this species as a model system for molecular-based studies of diatom biology.
Diatomics: toward diatom functional genomics.
TLDR
The different techniques available to investigate gene and protein function in diatoms are reviewed and the first large-scale analysis of 12000 expressed sequence tags is accomplished and organized in a queryable database, Phaeodactylum tricornutum database (PtDB).
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TLDR
It is surprising that the occurrence of silica as a major skeletal element is restricted to some Protozoa and to sponges (Porifera), which is - after oxygen - the second most abundant element on earth.
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TLDR
It is shown that the microalga Phaeodactylum tricornutum can be genetically engineered to thrive on exogenous glucose in the absence of light through the introduction of a gene encoding a glucose transporter (glut1 or hup1).
A Phase Separation Model for the Nanopatterning of Diatom Biosilica
TLDR
A simple model is described, in which repeated phase separation events during wall biogenesis are assumed to produce self-similar silica patterns in smaller and smaller scales, and apparently complex patterns found in the valves of the diatom genusCoscinodiscus can be predicted.
Silica Morphogenesis by Alternative Processing of Silaffins in the Diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana*
TLDR
Surprisingly, the silaffins of T. pseudonana and C. fusiformis share no sequence homology but are similar regarding amino acid composition and post- translational modifications, suggesting that the alternative processing event is an important step in morphogenesis ofT.
Species-specific polyamines from diatoms control silica morphology.
TLDR
The chemical structure of long-chain polyamines (up to 20 repeated units), which represent the main organic constituent of diatom biosilica, are described, which are the longest polyamine chains found in nature and induce rapid silica precipitation from a silicic acid solution.
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