Prospective randomized evaluation of periureteral botulinum toxin type A injection for ureteral stent pain reduction.


PURPOSE The use of ureteral stents for ureteral obstruction and after ureteroscopy can result in substantial deterioration in patient quality of life due to pain, frequency and urgency. We postulated that many stent related symptoms may be related to detrusor muscle spasm in and around the intramural ureter, and evaluated the effect of botulinum toxin type… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.juro.2009.10.021


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