Prospective experience with a 20-gauge Tuohy needle for lumbar epidural steroid injections: Is confirmation with fluoroscopy necessary?

@article{Liu2001ProspectiveEW,
  title={Prospective experience with a 20-gauge Tuohy needle for lumbar epidural steroid injections: Is confirmation with fluoroscopy necessary?},
  author={Spencer S. Liu and A P Melmed and Jan Klos and C. Axel Innis},
  journal={Regional anesthesia and pain medicine},
  year={2001},
  volume={26 2},
  pages={143-6}
}
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Small (20-gauge) Tuohy needles have been introduced for epidural steroid injection to optimize patient comfort and decrease the risk of spinal headache. These needles may be less reliable for indentification of the epidural space than standard 17- or 18-gauge needles because of their small size. We prospectively examined the success rate of lumbar epidural steroid placement with loss-of-resistance (LOR) technique compared with fluoroscopy confirmation. METHODS One… CONTINUE READING
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