Prospective comparison of the immunological and stress response following laparoscopic and open surgery for localized renal cell carcinoma.


PURPOSE We prospectively compared the systemic immune and stress response of patients who underwent laparoscopic total nephrectomy (LRN) (14) and open nephrectomy (ON) (10) for renal cell carcinoma. The ON group comprised open radical (4), open total (2) and open partial (4) nephrectomy cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS Only patients with no history of cancer… (More)


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