The Functions of Prospection – Variations in Health and Disease
- PsychologyFront. Psychol.
The role of prospection in two key functional domains is reviewed: goal-directed behavior and flexible decision-making and functional impact in clinical psychological conditions and neurological disorders is surveyed.
Considering purpose through the lens of prospection
- PsychologyThe Journal of Positive Psychology
ABSTRACT In 2013, Martin Seligman and colleagues introduced an idea that turned a traditional psychological notion on its head: rather than being driven by the past, human action could be pulled by…
Deliberating trade-offs with the future
- EconomicsNature Human Behaviour
This Perspective brings to bear recent research into the higher-order capacities that underpin deliberation—particularly those that enable people to think about the future (prospection) and their own thinking (metacognition)—to shed light on intertemporal decision-making.
On the role of autobiographical knowledge in shaping belief in the future occurrence of imagined events
- PsychologyQuarterly journal of experimental psychology
Findings indicate that episodic future thought not only depends on simulation processes but also requires that imagined events are meaningfully integrated within an autobiographical context, and contextualising autobiographical knowledge is a critical aspect of belief in future occurrence.
Cuing both positive and negative episodic foresight reduces delay discounting but does not affect risk-taking
- PsychologyQuarterly journal of experimental psychology
Assessment of the effects of cued episodic simulation of positive and negative future scenarios on decision-making in the context of both delay discounting and risk-taking indicates this effect is not dependent on the valence of the thoughts, and does not generalise to all other forms of “impulsive” decision- making.
The measurement of episodic foresight: A systematic review of assessment instruments
From Allostatic Agents to Counterfactual Cognisers: Active Inference, Biological Regulation, and The Origins of Cognition
- Psychology, Biology
This analysis leads to a formal criterion for delineating cognition from other, more pervasive forms of adaptive plasticity, which is rooted in a particular kind of functional organisation that enables the agent to detach from the present and engage in counterfactual (active) inference.
Decision-Making From the Animal Perspective: Bridging Ecology and Subjective Cognition
- Psychology, BiologyFront. Ecol. Evol.
It is concluded that the fundamental state is the global organismic state that includes both physiology and the animal’s subjective “mind”, which provides an avenue for evolutionary understanding of subjective phenomena and self-awareness as evolved mechanisms for adaptive decision-making in natural environments.
From allostatic agents to counterfactual cognisers: active inference, biological regulation, and the origins of cognition
What is the function of cognition? On one influential account, cognition evolved to co-ordinate behaviour with environmental change or complexity (Godfrey-Smith in Complexity and the function of mind…
Measuring mental time travel: Is the hippocampus really critical for episodic memory and episodic foresight?
- Psychology, BiologyCortex
SHOWING 1-10 OF 106 REFERENCES
Prospection and the Present Moment: The Role of Episodic Foresight in Intertemporal Choices between Immediate and Delayed Rewards
Humans are capable of imagining future rewards and the contexts in which they may be obtained. Functionally, intertemporal choices between smaller but immediate and larger but delayed rewards may be…
Pragmatic Prospection: How and Why People Think about the Future
In the present, the past is more knowable than the future—but people think far more about the future than the past. Both facts derive from the principle that the future can be changed whereas the…
The Emergence of Episodic Foresight and Its Consequences
Imagining future events and adjusting current behavior accordingly is a hallmark of human cognition. The development of such episodic foresight is attracting increasing research attention. In this…
Episodic foresight and anxiety: Proximate and ultimate perspectives.
- PsychologyThe British journal of clinical psychology
It is proposed that anxious feelings associated with episodic simulation of possible threat-related future events serve to imbue these simulations with motivational currency, offering an inroad for understanding the nature of characteristic future thinking patterns in anxiety disorders.
The evolution of foresight: What is mental time travel, and is it unique to humans?
- Biology, PsychologyThe Behavioral and brain sciences
It is submitted that mental time travel is not an encapsulated cognitive system, but instead comprises several subsidiary mechanisms that allow prediction of future situations and should be considered in addition to direct evidence of future-directed action.
Making decisions with the future in mind: Developmental and comparative identification of mental time travel
Active Inference, epistemic value, and vicarious trial and error.
- BiologyLearning & memory
A novel perspective is offered on the optimality principles that engender forward sweeps and VTE, and on their role on deliberate choice, that can be derived from first principles within an Active Inference scheme.
Prediction, Cognition and the Brain
- Psychology, BiologyFront. Hum. Neurosci.
There are still many open issues which need to be resolved before a unified theory of predictive processing can be postulated with regard to both cognitive and neural functioning, and the process of testing the validity of postulated expectations is discussed.
Thinking about threats: Memory and prospection in human threat management
- PsychologyConsciousness and Cognition
Impaired capacity for prospection in the dementias--Theoretical and clinical implications.
- Psychology, MedicineThe British journal of clinical psychology
Future research investigating the real-world implications of prospection deficits in dementia is crucial to elucidate the interplay between future-oriented thought and everyday adaptive functions such as prospective memory, decision-making, and maintaining a coherent sense of self over time.