Non- and Quasi-lexical Realizations of “Positive Response” in Korean, Polish and Thai
- Maciej Karpi, Emilia Szalkowska
Attitudinally-varied back channel utterances were simulated by six professional voice actors for Japanese. Contrary to the general assumption that a pitch accent language like Japanese cannot vary the tonal configuration for attitudinal variation as in a stress/intonation language, all the speakers differentiated two kinds of tonal configurations. Further variation was achieved by phrasing utterances differently on pitch and timing dimensions, and by adding a rising or non-rising terminal contour.