Prosocial behavior: multilevel perspectives.

@article{Penner2005ProsocialBM,
  title={Prosocial behavior: multilevel perspectives.},
  author={Louis A Penner and John F. Dovidio and Jane Allyn Piliavin and David A. Schroeder},
  journal={Annual review of psychology},
  year={2005},
  volume={56},
  pages={
          365-92
        }
}
Current research on prosocial behavior covers a broad and diverse range of phenomena. We argue that this large research literature can be best organized and understood from a multilevel perspective. We identify three levels of analysis of prosocial behavior: (a) the "meso" level--the study of helper-recipient dyads in the context of a specific situation; (b) the micro level--the study of the origins of prosocial tendencies and the sources of variation in these tendencies; and (c) the macro… 

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