Prosocial behavior: multilevel perspectives.

  title={Prosocial behavior: multilevel perspectives.},
  author={Louis A Penner and John F. Dovidio and Jane Allyn Piliavin and David A. Schroeder},
  journal={Annual review of psychology},
Current research on prosocial behavior covers a broad and diverse range of phenomena. We argue that this large research literature can be best organized and understood from a multilevel perspective. We identify three levels of analysis of prosocial behavior: (a) the "meso" level--the study of helper-recipient dyads in the context of a specific situation; (b) the micro level--the study of the origins of prosocial tendencies and the sources of variation in these tendencies; and (c) the macro… 

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Exposure to prosocial models is commonly used to foster prosocial behavior in various domains of society. The aim of the current article is to apply meta-analytic techniques to synthesize several

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The Psychological Study of Positive Behavior Across Group Boundaries: An Overview

Negative intergroup processes such as prejudice and conflict have been a traditional focus of social psychological research, while work that explicitly focuses on the determinants of positive

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Prosociality, conceptualized as a willingness to help, to be fair, and to be friendly to others, is essential to the maintenance of a civil society and has been linked with multiple measures of

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It is shown that prosociality and generativity display similar, yet distinct trajectories, peaking in midlife a decade apart from each other, when expectancy and value for prosocial behavior are highest.

With a Little Help from Their Peers: The Impact of Classmates on Adolescents’ Development of Prosocial Behavior

Adolescents in classrooms with high collective levels of prosocial behavior at Time 1 reported more prosocialbehavior at Time 2, about two years later, reflecting a class-level main effect, and a significant cross-level interaction indicated that a high classroom level of prossocial behavior particularly affected individuals with lower levels of Prosocial behavior.

Prosociality for Societal Development

  • L. Krishnan
  • Psychology, Economics
    Psychological Perspectives on Diversity and Social Development
  • 2019
This chapter points out the need for extending the conceptualization of prosociality to include development, and that of societal development to make a place for prosociality. The major views related

Individual Differences in Prosociality : The Roles of Parenting , Temperament , and Genetics

Although prosocial behaviours tend to increase with age and with children’s socio-cognitive skills,1 and despite the finding that situational variables (such as recipients' need and relationship with

Increasing prosocial behavior and decreasing selfishness in the lab and everyday life

This work examined whether a psychological micro-intervention would promote prosocial behaviors in couples and observed an increase in prossocial behaviors across one week that was most pronounced in participants who received the intervention.



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An interdependence analysis of social value orientation revealed that relative to individualists and competitors, prosocial individuals exhibited greater levels of secure attachment and reported having more siblings, especially sisters.

Prosocial development in early adulthood: a longitudinal study.

Interview and objective measures of moral reasoning were substantially interrelated in late adolescence/early adulthood and correlated with participants' and friends' reports of a prosocial disposition.

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In both studies the effects of empathy and attraction held up even when the authors statistically controlled for potential alternative predictors of helping, and the theoretical and practical implications for helping in intergroup contexts are discussed.

Dispositional and organizational influences on sustained volunteerism: An interactionist perspective.

Community service often involves sustained prosocial actions by individuals. This article focuses on one kind of such actions, volunteerism. Volunteerism involves long–term, planned, prosocial

Helping behavior and altruism: an empirical and conceptual overview

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The effects of attention regulation on social functioning were mediated by resiliency, and this relation was moderated by negative emotionality at the first, but not second, assessment.

Intergroup bias.

This chapter reviews the extensive literature on bias in favor of in-groups at the expense of out-groups and identifies areas for future research on key moderators of bias and the link between intergroup bias and more corrosive forms of social hostility.

Altruism and Antisocial Behavior: Independent Tendencies, Unique Personality Correlates, Distinct Etiologies

The findings indicate that altruism and antisocial behavior are uncorrelated tendencies stemming from different sources.

A Developmental Perspective on Community Service in Adolescence

A substantial number of U.S. adolescents currently participate in community service and there is increased national interest in service programs. This article assesses the assumption of developmental