Prosocial Spending and Well-Being: Cross-Cultural Evidence for a Psychological Universal

  title={Prosocial Spending and Well-Being: Cross-Cultural Evidence for a Psychological Universal},
  author={Lara Beth Aknin and Christopher Paul Barrington-Leigh and Elizabeth W. Dunn and John F Helliwell and Robert Biswas-Diener and Imelda Kemeza and Paul Nyende and Claire Elizabeth Ashton-James and Michael I. Norton},
  journal={Law \& Prosociality eJournal},
This research provides the first support for a possible psychological universal: Human beings around the world derive emotional benefits from using their financial resources to help others (prosocial spending). In Study 1, survey data from 136 countries were examined and showed that prosocial spending is associated with greater happiness around the world, in poor and rich countries alike. To test for causality, in Studies 2a and 2b, we used experimental methodology, demonstrating that recalling… 
Under What Conditions Does Prosocial Spending Promote Happiness?
Under what conditions does prosocial spending promote happiness? In a series of appropriately powered and pre-registered experiments, the present research revisited the role of impact, social
Prosocial Spending and Subjective Well-Being: The Recipient Perspective
Previous research has demonstrated that people are happier after spending money on others (prosocial spending) rather than spending on themselves (personal spending). This relationship between
Prosocial behavior leads to happiness in a small-scale rural society.
It is indicated that the emotional rewards of giving are detectable in people living in diverse societies and support the possibility that the hedonic benefits of generosity are universal.
aking a difference matters : Impact unlocks the emotional enefits of prosocial spending
When does giving lead to happiness? Here, we present two studies demonstrating that the emotional benefits of spending money on others (prosocial spending) are unleashed when givers are aware of
Subjective Well-Being and Prosociality Around the Globe: Happy People Give More of Their Time and Money to Others
Subjective well-being (SWB) is positively related to prosocial giving and helping others, but so far, research has not explored the association of individual aspects of well-being with prosocial
Does spending money on others promote happiness?: A registered replication report.
Two high-powered registered replications of the central paradigms used in prosocial spending research support the hypothesis that spending money on others does promote happiness, but demonstrate that the magnitude of the effect depends on several methodological features.
Are the benefits of prosocial spending and buying time moderated by age, gender, or income?
In the last two decades, social psychologists have identified several key spending strategies that promote happiness such as making time-saving purchases (buying time) and spending money on others
Social Capital and Prosocial Behaviour as Sources of Well-Being
This chapter surveys evidence documenting positive linkages among social capital, prosocial behaviour, and subjective well-being. Whether in the workplace, at home, in the community, or among
Do unto others or treat yourself? The effects of prosocial and self-focused behavior on psychological flourishing.
The results of this study suggest that people striving for happiness may be more successful if they opt to treat someone else instead, challenging the popular perception that focusing on oneself is an optimal strategy to boost one's mood.


International Evidence on the Social Context of Well-Being
This paper uses the first three waves of the Gallup World Poll to investigate differences across countries, cultures and regions in the factors linked to life satisfaction, paying special attention
Giving Leads to Happiness in Young Children
By documenting the emotionally rewarding properties of costly prosocial behavior among toddlers, this research provides initial support for the claim that experiencing positive emotions when giving to others is a proximate mechanism for human cooperation.
Altruism relates to health in an ethnically diverse sample of older adults.
Testing the thesis that giving as well as receiving social support may be of benefit in a large, ethnically diverse sample of community-dwelling older adults found that levels of social support given were associated with lower morbidity, whereas levels of receiving were not.
It's the Recipient That Counts: Spending Money on Strong Social Ties Leads to Greater Happiness than Spending on Weak Social Ties
The level of intimacy in the relationship was more important than the type of relationship; there was no significant difference in positive affect after recalling spending money on a family member instead of a friend.
The Optimum Level of Well-Being: Can People Be Too Happy?
  • S. Oishi, E. Diener, R. E. Lucas
  • Psychology
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2007
Analysis of large survey data and longitudinal data show that people who experience the highest levels of happiness are the most successful in terms of close relationships and volunteer work, but that those who experience slightly lower levels of Happiness are theMost successful in Terms of income, education, and political participation.
Wealth and happiness across the world: material prosperity predicts life evaluation, whereas psychosocial prosperity predicts positive feeling.
Two separate types of prosperity-economic and social psychological-best predict different types of well-being, including the meeting of basic needs, fulfillment of psychological needs, increasing satisfaction with one's standard of living, and public goods.
Commitment beyond self and adolescence: The issue of happiness
Is there a link between adolescents' experience of joy and fulfillment and their increased openness and commitment to the world and other human beings? A series of comparative studies was conducted
Spending Money on Others Promotes Happiness
It is found that spending more of one's income on others predicted greater happiness both cross-sectionally (in a nationally representative survey study and longitudinally) and in a field study of windfall spending.
TARGET ARTICLE: The Nonobvious Social Psychology of Happiness
There are several classic findings in social psychol ogy that behavioral scientists recognize as having ex erted a profound influence on people's understanding of the world. The stars of our field,