Proposed automatic calculating machine

  title={Proposed automatic calculating machine},
  author={Howard H. Aiken and Anthony G. Oettinger and Thomas C. Bartee},
  journal={IEEE Spectrum},
Here presented is the memorandum that 20 years ago initiated a series of events whose revolutionary implications are only beginning to manifest themselves — a description of the first large-scale general-purpose automatic digital computer Twenty years ago, on August 7, 1944, Mark I, the first large-scale general-purpose automatic digital computer ever to be put in operation was dedicated at Harvard University by James B. Conant, then president of Harvard, and the late Thomas J. Watson, founder… 

Mark I, Harvard

The Mark I (or Harvard Mark I), originally named the IBM Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator, was the first large-scale automatic computer to be completed and put into operation in the USA. The

The Mathematical Origins of Modern Computing

Techniques for planning large-scale manual computation were directly translated to the task of programming the new machines, and specific mathematical practices, such as the use of tables in calculation, profoundly affected the design of programs.

Machine Code Programming and Logic

The task of programming an automatic calculator or computer, usually referred to as ’coding’, was understood to be that of specifying the sequence of operations that the machine would carry out in

Hardware for information processing systems: Today and in the future

A broad, panoramic view of the history, current state-of-the-art, and predicted developments in the central processor, main memory, and peripheral areas of information processing systems is

Babbage and Aiken

  • I. Cohen
  • Art
    Annals of the History of Computing
  • 1988
The depth and extent of Aiken's knowledge of Babbage's ideas, the stage of his own thinking when he first encountered Babbage’s writings, and the way in which he found out about Babbage are explored.

A Trilogy on Errors in the History of Computing

This article identifies published errors and misunderstandings in three areas of the history of computing and provides the results of research intended to correct these errors. The three areas

The Myth of the Harvard Architecture

  • R. Pawson
  • Computer Science
    IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
  • 2022
The label “Harvard architecture” has been applied to various computing devices where instructions and data are stored in separate memories. In the Harvard Mark III/IV the decision to separate the

Could the SNA Complete the SCOT Model ? Computer development in the USA between 1931-1950 : a case study approach

It is argued that any discussion about claims to priority is an outworn conception because the first electricaldigital computer in the USA came into being in a network of “socio-technical ensembles” and the SCOT model proved inadequate for studying the history of computers.

An Annotated Bibliography on the Origins of Digital Computers

  • B. Randell
  • Computer Science
    Annals of the History of Computing
  • 1979
The bibliography contains nearly 750 annotated and indexed citations to papers, books, and other items relating to the origins of the modern electronic computer. The topics covered range from early

The computer--concept, development and problem environment.

  • R. Taylor
  • Computer Science
    Journal of chronic diseases
  • 1966