Prophylactic use of antithrombin III concentrate following surgery in congenital antithrombin III deficiency.


Antithrombin III is the major physiological inhibitor of thrombin, and congenital deficiency of antithrombin III is associated with increased risk of venous thrombosis either spontaneously or following trauma, surgery or pregnancy. The successful use of antithrombin III concentrate during and following surgery to prevent venous thrombosis is described in a previously asymptomatic man with familial antithrombin III deficiency.