Prophylactic cefazolin in amnioinfusions administered for meconium-stained amniotic fluid.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To determine if amnioinfusion with an antibiotic solution decreased the rate of clinical chorioamnionitis and puerperal endometritis in patients with meconium-stained amniotic fluid. METHODS Patients in labor at 36 weeks of gestation or greater with singleton pregnancies and meconium-stained amniotic fluid were randomized to receive either cefazolin, 1 g/1,000 mL, of normal saline (n = 90) or normal saline (n = 93) amnioinfusion. Rates of clinically diagnosed chorioamnionitis and endometritis and of suspected and culture-proven neonatal infection were determined. RESULTS Between the study and control groups, the incidences of clinical chorioamnionitis (7.8% vs. 8.6%), endometritis (2.4% vs. 3.5%), aggregate intrauterine infection (10.0% vs. 11.8%), suspected neonatal infection (17.8% vs. 21.5%), and proven neonatal infection (0.0% vs. 2.2%) were not significantly different. CONCLUSIONS Prophylactic use of cefazolin in amnioinfusions did not significantly reduce rates of maternal or neonatal infection in patients with meconium-stained amniotic fluid.

Extracted Key Phrases

2 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@article{Edwards1999ProphylacticCI, title={Prophylactic cefazolin in amnioinfusions administered for meconium-stained amniotic fluid.}, author={Rodney K. Edwards and Patrick E Duff}, journal={Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology}, year={1999}, volume={7}, pages={153 - 157} }