Property Rights and the Resource Curse

  title={Property Rights and the Resource Curse},
  author={Leif Wenar},
  journal={Philosophy \& Public Affairs},
  • L. Wenar
  • Published 2008
  • Economics
  • Philosophy & Public Affairs
Because of a major flaw in the system of international trade, consumers buy stolen goods every day. Consumers may buy stolen goods when they buy gasoline and magazines, clothing and cosmetics, cell phones and laptops, perfume and jewelry. The raw materials used to make many of these goods have been taken—sometimes by stealth, sometimes by force—from some of the poorest people in the world. These goods flow through the system of global commerce under cover of a rule that is little more than a… 
Property Rights and the Resource Curse
The so-called resource curse raises moral issues. Who, if anyone, is morally responsible for it? This article argues that this question amounts to: who is blameworthy for the violations of people's
Abstract The article argues that free trade is required by any plausible conception of justice. Free trade is supported by a host of consequentialist and deontological reasons. Empirically, trade
Justice and International Tax Competition
In a globalized economy states compete for mobile tax bases. This tax competition undermines the fiscal self-determination of states and exacerbates inequalities of income and wealth both within
Blood Oil: Tyrants, Violence, and the Rules that Run the World
Natural resources like oil and minerals are the largest source of unaccountable power in the world. Petrocrats like Putin and the Saudis spend resource money on weapons and oppression; militants in
Global land acquisition: neo-colonialism or development opportunity?
Increasingly, developing nations which are land rich are sanctioning the sale or transfer of user rights of large tracts of farmland for foreign investment. While this issue is of relatively recent
  • L. Wenar
  • Business
    Social Philosophy and Policy
  • 2015
Abstract: A global market exists only because all states have chosen to converge on rules that coordinate property rights. For property rights over natural resources and products made from them,
Enforcing the Global Economic Order, Violating the Rights of the Poor, and Breaching Negative Duties? Pogge, Collective Agency, and Global Poverty
Thomas Pogge has argued, famously, that “we” are harming the global poor. Indeed, we are not only harming them; we are violating their rights insofar as we uphold an unjust international order which
The ethics of natural assets
Two principles, concerning (1) custodianship and (2) no retrospective right of ownership, will be fundamental to the just management of natural assets in future. Because natural assets are not
Rethinking Economic “Sanctions”
What do democracies do by refusing to trade with dictatorships? The conventional view assumes that: (1) a democratic refusal to trade with dictators is an exception that requires special
Resource Wealth, Power, Crime, and Conflict
The global flow of capital and competitive trading across borders has been accompanied by the weakening of the ability of regulators and sovereign countries to monitor and restrict harmful activities


A Closer Look at Oil, Diamonds, and Civil War
▪ Abstract Studies of natural resource wealth and civil war have been hampered by measurement error, endogeneity, lack of robustness, and uncertainty about causal mechanisms. This paper develops new
Recognized and Violated by International Law: The Human Rights of the Global Poor
  • Thomas Pogge
  • Political Science
    Leiden Journal of International Law
  • 2005
Various human rights are widely recognized in codified and customary international law. These human rights promise all human beings protection against specific severe harms that might be inflicted on
The political economy of the resource curse : a literature survey
This paper presents a critical survey of the literature on the ‘resource curse’, focusing on three main questions: (i) are natural resources bad for development?; (ii) what causes the resource
Addressing the Natural Resource Curse: An Illustration from Nigeria
Some natural resources -- oil and minerals in particular -- exert a negative and nonlinear impact on growth via their deleterious impact on institutional quality. We show this result to be very
Resource Wealth and Political Regimes in Africa
Political economists point to the levels of economic development, poverty, and income inequality as the most important determinants of political regimes. The authors present empirical evidence
Correlates of Levels of Democracy in Latin America during the 1990s
Abstract Does the conventional wisdom about the relationships between economic, cultural, and political party variables and democracy stand up in the Latin American experience of the 1990s? This
Greed and Grievance in Civil War
We investigate the causes of civil war, using a new data set of wars during 1960-99. We test a `greed’ theory focusing on the ability to finance rebellion, against a`grievance’ theory focusing on