1. Monoplar tungsten micro-electrodes were used to stimulate and platinun plated tungsten micro-electrodes to record from single, unmyelinated cerebellar parallel fibres and lateral Lissauer tract axons in cats. 2. Stimulation of the lateral Lissauer tract resulted in the activation of a narrow, longitudinal 'beam', much as on the cerebellar surface. 3. Following impulse conduction, parallel and Lissauer tract fibres showed a supernormal conduction velocity (up to 25% increase) and increased excitability (up to 40% increase). No subnormality was encountered following supernormality. Some Lissauer tract fibres had prolonged relative refractory periods and no supernormal periods. 4. Chronaxies ranged from 155 to 380 microseconds. 5. Single fibres exhibited a remarkable increase in conduction velocity (up to 18% and excitability (up to 40%) following a single subthreshold stimulus. The duration of this effect (up to 20 msec) was much longer than expected from membrane time constant estimates.