Properties, Potentials, and Prospects of Antifreeze Proteins

@article{Venketesh2008PropertiesPA,
  title={Properties, Potentials, and Prospects of Antifreeze Proteins},
  author={S. Venketesh and C. Dayananda},
  journal={Critical Reviews in Biotechnology},
  year={2008},
  volume={28},
  pages={57 - 82}
}
Antifreeze proteins (AFPs) are a group of proteins that protect organisms from deep freezing temperatures and are expressed in vertebrates, invertebrates, plants, bacteria, and fungi. The nuclear magnetic resonance, x-ray structure, and many spectroscopic studies with AFPs have been instrumental in determining the structure–function relationship. Mutational studies have indicated the importance of hydrophobic residues in ice binding. Various studies have pointed out that the mechanism of AFP… 
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TLDR
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