Pronation in Runners

@article{Hintermann1998PronationIR,
  title={Pronation in Runners},
  author={Beat Hintermann and Benno M Nigg},
  journal={Sports Medicine},
  year={1998},
  volume={26},
  pages={169-176}
}
In spite of some significant progress in the understanding of the biomechanics of the ankle joint complex, especially the coupling mechanism between foot and leg, various mechanisms causing overuse injuries in the lower extremities are still poorly understood. Some increased pronation of the foot is often physiological, but excessive pronation is potentially harmful. Compensatory overpronation may occur for anatomical reasons. However, not only the amount of foot eversion, but also the way this… Expand
Effects of medially wedged insoles on the biomechanics of the lower limbs of runners with excessive foot pronation and foot varus alignment.
TLDR
Insoles with 7˚ medial wedges at the forefoot and rearfoot are able to modify motion and moments patterns that are related to lower limb injuries in runners with increased foot pronation and foot varus alignment with some non-desired effects on the knee motion in the frontal plane. Expand
Biomechanical Aspects of the Static and Dynamic Patterns of the Feet of Runners with Plantar Fasciitis and Their Relationship with Sports Shoes
TLDR
The clinical support of the literature review was showed that a decrease in the medial longitudinal arch induces greater mobility of the foot, which promotes a greater angle of rearfoot pronation to maintain the stability of the subtalar joint during static and dynamic feet support in activities, such as running. Expand
Impact of Short Foot Muscle Exercises on Quality of Movement and Flexibility in Amateur Runners
TLDR
Plar short foot muscle exercises may improve muscle flexibility in the upper parts of the body within myofascial chains and influence the quality of fundamental movement patterns and can be performed as part of overall fitness programmes. Expand
Aktuelle Trends im Sportschuhbau
SummaryThe concepts used in sport shoe design are currently in a phase of a fundamental change. The objective of this paper is to give an overview of current research and literature concerning sportsExpand
Foot pronation
Over the past decades, pronation has been discussed as a potential risk factor for injuries or as the mechanism behind impact damping. However, little is understood about pronation. The objectives ofExpand
Neuromuscular activity of the peroneal muscle after foot orthoses therapy in runners.
TLDR
Enhanced muscle activation of the musculus peroneus longus in preactivation suggests an altered preprogrammed activity, which might lead to better ankle stability providing a possible mode of action for foot orthoses therapy. Expand
The effect of reduced ankle dorsiflexion on lower extremity mechanics during landing: A systematic review.
TLDR
There is evidence that restricted dorsiflexion range of motion may alter lower-extremity landing mechanics in a manner, which predisposes athletes to injury. Expand
Effect of heel construction on muscular control potential of the ankle joint in running.
TLDR
It could be speculated that increasing ankle inversion at heel strike could be a strategy to keep maximum eversion angles inside an adequate range, if joint moment generation potentials of deep plantarflexors are inhibited due to rapid plantar flexion. Expand
Impact of foot pronation on postural stability: An observational study.
TLDR
Investigating the effect of foot pronation on the postural stability through measuring the dynamic balance including overall stability index, anteroposterior stability index and mediolateral stability index found no significant difference. Expand
Investigation of Biomechanical Risk Factors of Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome through Finite Element Analysis
Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is an overuse injury in the lower extremity associated with endurance running. MTSS is a palpitation of pain of at least 5 centimeters along the medial tibia withExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 54 REFERENCES
[Movement transfer between foot and calf in vitro].
  • B. Hintermann, B. Nigg
  • Medicine
  • Sportverletzung Sportschaden : Organ der Gesellschaft fur Orthopadisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
  • 1994
TLDR
The results implicate that excessive pronation, in running for instance, is only critical for high knee loading when coupled with a high movement transfer in the ankle joint complex. Expand
Transfer of movement between calcaneus and tibia in vitro.
TLDR
The goal of this study was to determine in vitro, as a function of loading and flexion position of the foot, the movement transfer from calcaneal eversion-inversion to tibial rotation and vice versa occurring in the ankle-joint complex. Expand
Influence of Arthrodeses on Kinematics of the Axially Loaded Ankle Complex during Dorsiflexion/Plantarflexion
The purpose of this study was to quantify the effect of selective arthrodesis (stabilization) of the ankle, subtalar, and talonavicular joints on the rotational movement of the tibia and theExpand
Running Shoes, Orthotics, and Injuries
TLDR
Although footwear and biomechanical control may represent a significant therapeutic intervention in some individuals, they must remain part of a comprehensive rehabilitation programme that considers the other aetiological factors that contribute to running injuries. Expand
Influence of selective arthrodesis on the movement transfer between calcaneus and tibia in vitro.
TLDR
The purpose of this study was to quantify the change of movement transferred from calcaneus to tibia, and vice versa, for selective joint fusions (ankle, subtalar, and talonavicular joints) under different flexion and loading conditions. Expand
Foot orthotic devices to modify selected aspects of lower extremity mechanics
TLDR
The data support the conclusion that foot orthotic devices can be successfully used to modify selected aspects of lower extremity mechanics during the sup port phase of running. Expand
Influence of Ankle Ligaments on Tibial Rotation: An In Vitro Study
TLDR
It was concluded that chronic partial or total lateral ankle instability may contribute to knee and foot injuries through abnormal tibial rotation. Expand
Effects of arch height of the foot on angular motion of the lower extremities in running.
TLDR
The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of arch height on kinematic variables of the lower extremities that have been associated with the incidence of injury in running in an attempt to gain some insight into a functional relationship between arch height and injury. Expand
Running Injuries to the Knee
  • S. James
  • Medicine
  • The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
  • 1995
TLDR
Knee injuries in runners must be approached with a thorough review of the training program and a complete examination of the lower extremity, and several conditions can cause anterior knee pain commonly involving the extensor mechanism, and these must be differentiated. Expand
A biomechanical analysis of the talocalcaneal joint--in vitro.
  • J. Engsberg
  • Engineering, Medicine
  • Journal of biomechanics
  • 1987
TLDR
It was concluded that foot categories based on TC joint structure and function be developed to provide a foundation upon which to base injury preventative measures, rehabilitative modalities and prosthetic designs. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...