Prolonged depletion of guanosine triphosphate induces death of insulin-secreting cells by apoptosis.


Inhibitors of IMP dehydrogenase, such as mycophenolic acid (MPA) and mizoribine, which deplete cellular GTP, are used clinically as immunosuppressive drugs. The prolonged effect of such agents on insulin-secreting beta-cells (HIT-T15 and INS-1) was investigated. Both MPA and mizoribine inhibited mitogenesis, as reflected by [3H]thymidine incorporation. Cell… (More)