Prolactin, Psychological Stress and Environment in Humans: Adaptation and Maladaptation

@article{Sobrinho2004ProlactinPS,
  title={Prolactin, Psychological Stress and Environment in Humans: Adaptation and Maladaptation},
  author={Lu{\'i}s Gonçalves Sobrinho},
  journal={Pituitary},
  year={2004},
  volume={6},
  pages={35-39}
}
Non-puerperal lactation and/or hyperprolactinemia in humans have been related to psychological variables in a variety of ways: (1) Non-puerperal nursing; (2) Pseudopregnancy; (3) Rapid weight gain; (4) Psychogenic galactorrhea; (5) Acute prolactin responses to psychological stress; (6) High prolactin levels in persons who cope passively in real life stress situations; (7) Paternal deprivation in women with pathological hyperprolactinemia; (8) Clinical onset of prolactinomas following life… 

Parental Attitude in Women with Hyperprolactinemia: a Controlled Cross-Sectional Study

TLDR
Prolactin secretion is regulated by the dopaminergic system and since dopamine is responsible of pleasure and satisfaction sensations, the negative affection of both mothers and fathers in childhood may play a role in the etiology of chronic low-grade hyperprolactinemia.

Stress-Induced Hyperprolactinemia: Pathophysiology and Clinical Approach

TLDR
This review will provide an overview of prolactin physiology, the role of stress in Prolactin secretion, as well as the general clinical approach to hyperprolactinemia.

A Study of Correlation of Perceived Stress with Serum Prolactin Levels in Newly Diagnosed Cases of Hypothyroidism in Females in an Urban Population of a Developing Country

TLDR
Hypothyroid female individuals may have hyperprolactinemia and perceived stress may be a significant contributor to this problem.

Medical causes and consequences of hyperprolactinaemia. A context for psychiatrists

  • R. Holt
  • Medicine, Biology
    Journal of psychopharmacology
  • 2008
TLDR
The administration of antipsychotic medication is responsible for the high prevalence of hyperprolactinaemia in people with severe mental illness and should be distinguished from pathological causes to prevent unnecessary investigation and treatment.

Maternal stress affects postnatal growth and the pituitary expression of prolactin in mouse offspring

TLDR
The results suggest that stress in a postpartum mother has persistent effects on the body weight of the offspring, and reduced PRL expression in the offspring's pituitary gland may play a role in these effects.

Recovery of menses after functional hypothalamic amenorrhoea: if, when and why.

TLDR
This review provides an overview of factors determining the recovery of menses and its timing and whether there are useful therapeutic options to induce recovery and indicates the importance of BMI/weight (gain), energy balance and mental health.

Prolactin — a pleiotropic factor in health and disease

TLDR
This Review focuses on the newly discovered roles of prolactin in human health and disease, particularly its involvement in metabolic homeostasis including body weight control, adipose tissue, skin and hair follicles, pancreas, bone, the adrenal response to stress, the control of lactotroph cellHomeostasis and maternal behaviour.

EFFECT OF COMBINATION OF OXYTOCIN MASSAGE AND HYPNOBREASTFEEDING ON UTERINE INVOLUTION AND PROLACTIN LEVELS IN POSTPARTUM MOTHERS

TLDR
It is expected that the combination of oxytocin massage and hypnobreastfeeding can be used as a consideration and a reference in providing postpartum midwifery care.

Psychological effects of dopamine agonist treatment in patients with hyperprolactinemia and prolactin-secreting adenomas.

TLDR
Patients with hyperprolactinemia receiving DAs may develop changes in mood and behavior regardless of prior psychiatric history, and increased awareness for ICDs, depression, mania and other types of psychosis is needed by all physicians who prescribe DAs.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 56 REFERENCES

Hyperprolactinemia in Women With Paternal Deprivation During Childhood

TLDR
The contention that paternal deprivation during childhood is associated, in a minority of women, with a predisposition to develop hyperprolactinemia and presumably, prolactinoma later in life is supported.

Psychological Stress and Neuroendocrine Function in Humans: The Last Two Decades of Research

TLDR
This paper reviews experimental contributions published in the last two decades and exploring the effect of emotional stress on neuroendocrine function in healthy humans, as well as the influence of gender, age, personality, coping style, social support, biological and nonbiological interventions.

Prolactin—a hormone that mirrors passiveness in crisis situations

  • T. Theorell
  • Psychology
    Integrative physiological and behavioral science : the official journal of the Pavlovian Society
  • 1992
TLDR
Findings indicate that change situations associated with passive coping are accompanied by increased plasma prolactin levels whereas change situationsassociated with active coping are associated with unchanged or even lowered levels.

Endocrine and psychological evaluation of women with recent weight gain

Life events in the pathogenesis of hyperprolactinemia.

TLDR
Within the complexity of phenomena implicated in the pathogenesis of hyperprolactinemia, the findings emphasize a potential role of emotional stress in either prolactin-secreting pituitary tumors or idiopathichyperprolACTinemia.

Sexual dysfunction in hyperprolactinaemic women. Effect of bromocriptine

TLDR
Hypo-oestrogenism and vaginal atrophy do not appear to play a significant role in the genesis of the sexual dysfunction and Bromocriptine had a positive effect in this condition in 54% of the patients.

Long-term follow-up of functional hypothalamic amenorrhea and prognostic factors.

TLDR
Statistical analysis showed that there was no association between recovery and anamnestic causes of FHA or with the echographic ovarian morphology but identified the predictive factors of recovery as the basal body mass index (BMI), the basal cortisol, and androstenedione plasma levels.
...