Projection, Introjection, and Projective Identification: A Reformulation

  title={Projection, Introjection, and Projective Identification: A Reformulation},
  author={Joseph M Malancharuvil},
  journal={The American Journal of Psychoanalysis},
In this essay, the author recommends a reformulation of the psychoanalytic concept of pojection. The author proposes that projective processes are not merely defensive maneuvers that interfere with perception, but rather an essential means by which human perception is rendered possible. It is the manner in which human beings test and-evaluate reality in terms of their experiential structure, and their needs for survival and nourishment. Projection is the early phase of introjection. 
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  • 2019
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Cognitive-experiential self-theory integrates the cognitive and the psychodynamic unconscious by assuming the existence of two parallel, interacting modes of information processing: a rational system
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Cognitive-experiential self-theory.
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Notes on some schizoid mechanisms.
  • M. Klein
  • Psychology
    The International journal of psycho-analysis
  • 1946
It is suggested that in the first few months of life anxiety is predominantly experienced as fear of persecution and that this contributes to certain mechanisms and defenses which characterize the paranoid and schizoid positions.