Projected 21 st-century changes to Arctic marine access

  title={Projected 21 st-century changes to Arctic marine access},
  author={Scott R. Stephenson and Laurence C. Smith and Lawson Brigham and John A. Agnew},
Climate models project continued Arctic sea ice reductions with nearly ice-free summer conditions by the mid-21st century. However, how such reductions will realistically enable marine access is not well understood, especially considering a range of climatic scenarios and ship types. We present 21st century projections of technical shipping accessibility for circumpolar and national scales, the international high seas, and three potential navigation routes. Projections of marine access are… CONTINUE READING