Proinflammatory milieu in combat-related PTSD is independent of depression and early life stress.

@article{Lindqvist2014ProinflammatoryMI,
  title={Proinflammatory milieu in combat-related PTSD is independent of depression and early life stress.},
  author={Daniel Lindqvist and Owen M. Wolkowitz and S. Mellon and Rachel Yehuda and Janine D. Flory and Clare M Henn-Haase and Linda M. Bierer and D Abu-Amara and Michelle Coy and Thomas C. Neylan and Iouri Makotkine and Victor I. Reus and Xiaodan Yan and Nicole M. Taylor and Charles Marmar and Firdaus S. Dhabhar},
  journal={Brain, behavior, and immunity},
  year={2014},
  volume={42},
  pages={81-8}
}
BACKGROUND Chronic inflammation may be involved in combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and may help explain comorbid physical diseases. However, the extent to which combat exposure per se, depression, or early life trauma, all of which are associated with combat PTSD, may confound the relationship between PTSD and inflammation is unclear. METHODS We quantified interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interferon (IFN)-γ, and C-reactive protein (CRP) in 51… CONTINUE READING
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