Pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of Rasmussen encephalitis: a European consensus statement.
Four children, from two families, suffered from fatal degeneration of the cerebral grey matter. Their disease was characterised by intractable epilepsy, epilepsia partialis continua, progressive deterioration, and terminal hepatic dysfunction. EEG showed marked and distinctive slow wave abnormality, visual evoked responses were diminished, and cerebral atrophy was seen on CT scan. Pathological findings were of neuronal loss and hepatic cirrhosis. The combination of cerebral degeneration, hepatic disease and familial occurrence suggests an inborn error of metabolism with autosomal recessive inheritance. The features described are those of Alpers syndrome, especially the recently delineated subgroup with progressive neuronal degeneration and liver disease.