Progress in the classical biological control of Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in North America

@article{Bauer2015ProgressIT,
  title={Progress in the classical biological control of Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in North America},
  author={Leah S. Bauer and Jian J. Duan and Juli R. Gould and Roy G. Van driesche},
  journal={The Canadian Entomologist},
  year={2015},
  volume={147},
  pages={300 - 317}
}
Abstract First detected in North America in 2002, the emerald ash borer (EAB) (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire; Coleoptera: Buprestidae), an invasive phloem-feeding beetle from Asia, has killed tens of millions of ash (Fraxinus Linnaeus; Oleaceae) trees. Although few parasitoids attack EAB in North America, three parasitoid species were found attacking EAB in China: the egg parasitoid Oobius agrili Zhang and Huang (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) and two larval parasitoids Tetrastichus planipennisi Yang… 
Phenology of Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) and Its Introduced Larval Parasitoids in the Northeastern United States
TLDR
Results suggest S. galinae and T. planipennisi are suited for biological control of EAB at the northern limits of its range in North America, and field studies suggested both species could overwinter in northeastern climates.
Monitoring the Establishment and Flight Phenology of Parasitoids of Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in Michigan by using Sentinel Eggs and Larvae
TLDR
Development of nondestructive methods to determine when stages of A. planipennis suitable for parasitism are present in combination with the use of sentinel logs to observe parasitoid phenology as described here will enhance the ability to evaluate the impacts of parasitoids on emerald ash borer.
Comparing Methods for Monitoring Establishment of the Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis, Coleoptera: Buprestidae) Egg Parasitoid Oobius agrili (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) in Maryland, USA
TLDR
It is found that visually surveying ash trees for EAB eggs was more efficient than bark sifting; the percent parasitism observed using the two methods was similar, but visually Surveying trees was more time-efficient, and both methods indicate that O. agrili can successfully establish populations in Maryland.
Determining Optimal Parasitoid Release Timing for the Biological Control of Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae)
TLDR
It is suggested that egg parasitoid releases are best targeted from early May to late Jun at an approximate G DD10 range of 300 and 1,100 with larval parasitoids releases best targeted between 1,400 and 2,500 GDD10.
Natural enemies of emerald ash borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in northeast China, with notes on two species of parasitic Coleoptera
TLDR
The findings of field surveys of ash trees in semi-natural forests and plantations at variable EAB densities from 2008 to 2013 support the need to consider the geographic origin of insect natural enemies for EAB biocontrol, as well as an expanded foreign exploration for E AB natural enemies throughout its native range in Asia.
Progress and Challenges of Protecting North American Ash Trees from the Emerald Ash Borer Using Biological Control
TLDR
It is concluded that more work is needed to determine the combined effect of EAB biocontrol and host plant resistance or tolerance on the regeneration of North American ash species and expand foreign exploration for EAB natural enemies throughout Asia.
Evaluation of tree mortality and parasitoid recoveries on the contiguous western invasion front of emerald ash borer
TLDR
Results suggest that, of these three parasitoids, T. planipennisi has the highest likelihood of contributing to biological control in Wisconsin, although ash mortality will proceed rapidly and likely supersede the effects of the parasitoid.
Biology and Life History of Atanycolus cappaerti (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a North American Larval Parasitoid Attacking the Invasive Emerald Ash Borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae)
TLDR
The study showed that adults of A. cappaerti had a median survival time of 9 to 11 wk, and females lived approximately 2 wk longer than males, and the weekly progeny production by female parasitoids peaked at 3 wk after emergence, with a mean of 5.4 progeny per female.
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TLDR
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