Identification of Common Blood Gene Signatures for the Diagnosis of Renal and Cardiac Acute Allograft Rejection
Within the past 10 years, heart transplantation has become established as a standard procedure in heart surgery. Improvements in immunosuppressive therapy and diagnosis of graft rejection have been crucial. The criteria for transplantation have been broadened for recipients as well as for donors. Newborns, pediatric patients, diabetics, and patients with impaired renal function will no longer be excluded from transplantation due to improved postoperative therapy. Furthermore, progress has been made with assisted circulation. Patients with acute heart failure can now be bridged to transplantation.