Programmed demethylation in CpG islands during human fetal development.

Abstract

The mechanism for establishing the DNA methylation patterns observed in adult mammalian tissues is not well understood. To determine when adult patterns are established for housekeeping genes, we examined the clustered CpGs in genes on the human active X chromosome (PGK, G6PD, P3, GdX, HPRT) and the autosomal gene, DHFR. We find unique methylation patterns… (More)

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