Prognostic value of growth differentiation factor-15 in Chinese patients with heart failure: A prospective observational study.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15), a biomarker associated with remodeling, oxidative stress and inflammation, has been used to stratify heart failure (HF) patients. However, its prognostic value in Chinese HF patients is still unknown. METHODS GDF-15 levels were examined on admission in 272 consecutive HF patients in Beijing Hospital (a… (More)
DOI: 10.5603/CJ.a2017.0068

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