Prognostic significance of lymphatic, vascular and perineural invasion for bladder cancer patients treated by radical cystectomy.

@article{Muppa2017PrognosticSO,
  title={Prognostic significance of lymphatic, vascular and perineural invasion for bladder cancer patients treated by radical cystectomy.},
  author={Prasuna Muppa and Sounak Gupta and Igor Frank and Stephen Anthony Boorjian and Robert Jeffrey Karnes and Richard P H Thompson and Prabin Thapa and Robert F. Tarrell and Loren P. Herrera Hernandez and Rafael E. Jimenez and John C. Cheville},
  journal={Pathology},
  year={2017},
  volume={49 3},
  pages={
          259-266
        }
}
In radical cystectomy specimens with bladder cancer, lymphatic and vascular invasion are often reported as 'angiolymphatic' or 'lymphovascular' invasion, terms that combine the findings of tumour within simple endothelial-lined lymphatic spaces and tumour within muscle-lined blood vessels. It is unclear if these patterns of invasion have different prognostic significance. In addition, there are conflicting data regarding the significance of lymphatic, vascular and perineural invasion in… CONTINUE READING