Prognostic significance of atrial fibrillation in advanced heart failure. A study of 390 patients.

@article{Middlekauff1991PrognosticSO,
  title={Prognostic significance of atrial fibrillation in advanced heart failure. A study of 390 patients.},
  author={Holly R. Middlekauff and William Gregory Stevenson and Lynne Warner Stevenson},
  journal={Circulation},
  year={1991},
  volume={84 1},
  pages={40-8}
}
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation is common in advanced heart failure, but its prognostic significance is controversial. METHODS AND RESULTS We evaluated the relation of atrial rhythm to overall survival and sudden death in 390 consecutive advanced heart failure patients. Etiology of heart failure was coronary artery disease in 177 patients (45%) and nonischemic cardiomyopathy or valvular heart disease in 213 patients (55%). Mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 0.19 +/- 0.07. Seventy-five… CONTINUE READING