Prognostic relevance of capsular involvement and collecting system invasion in stage I and II renal cell carcinoma.

@article{Klatte2007PrognosticRO,
  title={Prognostic relevance of capsular involvement and collecting system invasion in stage I and II renal cell carcinoma.},
  author={Tobias Klatte and Jinsoo Chung and John T. Leppert and John S. Lam and Allan J. Pantuck and Robert Alan Figlin and Arie S. Belldegrun},
  journal={BJU international},
  year={2007},
  volume={99 4},
  pages={821-4}
}
OBJECTIVE To define the prognostic relevance of capsular involvement (invasion with no penetration) and collecting-system invasion in patients with stage I (pT1N0M0) and stage II (pT2N0M0) renal cell carcinoma (RCC), by evaluating the outcome of patients treated with nephrectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS In all, 519 patients from a kidney cancer database treated with nephrectomy for stage I and II RCC between 1985 and 2005 were assessed retrospectively. The primary endpoint was recurrence-free… CONTINUE READING

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