Progesterone supplementation attenuates hypertension and the autoantibody to the angiotensin II type I receptor in response to elevated interleukin-6 during pregnancy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Preeclampsia is a multisystem disorder recognized as hypertension with proteinuria developing >20 weeks' gestation. Preeclampsia is associated with chronic immune activation characterized by increased T and B lymphocytes, cytokines, and antibodies activating the angiotensin II type I receptor (AT1-AA). Hypertension in response to elevated interleukin (IL)-6 during pregnancy occurs with increased renin activity and AT1-AA, and reduced kidney function. STUDY DESIGN We aim to determine whether 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17-OHPC), progesterone, improved inflammatory pathways during elevated IL-6 in pregnant rats. IL-6 (5 ng/d) was infused via miniosmotic pumps into normal pregnant (NP) rats beginning on day 14 of gestation and 17-OHPC (3.32 mg/kg) was diluted in normal saline and injected on day 18. Blood pressure (mean arterial pressure [MAP]) determination and serum collection were performed on day 19 of gestation. RESULTS MAP in NP was 100 ± 3 mm Hg, which increased with IL-6 to 112 ± 4 mm Hg (P < .05). Pregnant rats given 17-OHPC alone had a MAP of 99 ± 3 mm Hg and MAP increased to 103 ± 2 mm Hg in IL-6+17-OHPC. AT1-AA was 1.2 ± 0.5 bpm in NP rats, increased to 17 ± 9 bpm with IL-6 infusion but administration of 17-OHPC significantly blunted AT1-AA to 4 ± 0.8 bpm in NP+IL-6+17-OHPC. Total circulating nitrate/nitrite was significantly decreased and placental Ser(1177)-phosporylated-eNOS/eNOS was lowered with IL-6 infusion. Supplementation of 17-OHPC significantly improved placental Ser(1177)-phosporylated-eNOS/eNOS however, circulating nitrate/nitrite was unchanged with 17-OHPC supplementation. CONCLUSION This study illustrates that 17-OHPC attenuated hypertension, decreased AT1-AA activity, and improved placental nitric oxide in response to elevated IL-6 during pregnancy and could lend hope to a new potential therapeutic for preeclampsia.

DOI: 10.1016/j.ajog.2014.02.018
050010001500201520162017
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@article{Amaral2014ProgesteroneSA, title={Progesterone supplementation attenuates hypertension and the autoantibody to the angiotensin II type I receptor in response to elevated interleukin-6 during pregnancy.}, author={Lorena Machado Amaral and Luissa V Kiprono and Denise C. Cornelius and Carrie Shoemaker and Kedra L Wallace and Janae Moseley and Gerd Wallukat and James N. Martin and Ralf Dechend and Babbette LaMarca}, journal={American journal of obstetrics and gynecology}, year={2014}, volume={211 2}, pages={158.e1-6} }