Progesterone drives mammary secretory differentiation via RankL-mediated induction of Elf5 in luminal progenitor cells.

Abstract

Progesterone-RankL paracrine signaling has been proposed as a driver of stem cell expansion in the mammary gland, and Elf5 is essential for the differentiation of mammary epithelial progenitor cells. We demonstrate that Elf5 expression is induced by progesterone and that Elf5 and progesterone cooperate to promote alveolar development. The progesterone receptor and Elf5 are expressed in a mutually exclusive pattern, and we identify RankL as the paracrine mediator of the effects of progesterone on Elf5 expression in CD61+ progenitor cells and their consequent differentiation. Blockade of RankL action prevented progesterone-induced side branching and the expansion of Elf5(+) mature luminal cells. These findings describe a mechanism by which steroid hormones can produce the expansion of steroid hormone receptor-negative mammary epithelial cells.

DOI: 10.1242/dev.088948
05010020132014201520162017
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@article{Lee2013ProgesteroneDM, title={Progesterone drives mammary secretory differentiation via RankL-mediated induction of Elf5 in luminal progenitor cells.}, author={Heather J Lee and David Gallego-Ortega and Anita Ledger and Daniel Schramek and Purna Joshi and Maria M Szwarc and Christina Cho and John P Lydon and Rama Khokha and Josef M Penninger and Christopher J Ormandy}, journal={Development}, year={2013}, volume={140 7}, pages={1397-401} }