Profile of the female athlete triad among elite Kenyan endurance athletes and non-athletes

@article{Goodwin2014ProfileOT,
  title={Profile of the female athlete triad among elite Kenyan endurance athletes and non-athletes},
  author={Y. Goodwin and Monyeki and Michael K. Boit and Johannes De Ridder and Abel L. Toriola},
  journal={Journal of Physical Activity and Health},
  year={2014},
  volume={20},
  pages={610-625}
}
Women participating in endurance sports are at risk of presenting with low energy availability (EA), menstrual dysfunction (MD), and low bone mineral density (BMD), collectively termed the female athlete triad (FAT or TRIAD). Therefore, the purpose of the study was to determine the profile of the TRIAD among elite Kenyan female athletes and among non-athletes. There were 39 participants (athletes: 25, non-athletes:14) who provided the data for this study. Exercise energy expenditure (EEE) was… Expand
Low Energy Availability Interferes With Exercise-Associated Bone Effects in Female Long-Distance Triathletes as Detected by HR-pQCT.
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Long-distance female triathletes without hypoestrogenism show higher values of cortical perimeter, bone area, volumetric density and trabecular microstructure, but low EA interferes with exercise-associated bone effects, reinforcing the importance of adequate EA in female athletes to guarantee skeletal health. Expand
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TLDR
Reduced EA has a negative influence on bone in both the short- and long-term, and every effort should be made to reduce its occurrence in physically active individuals. Expand

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