Profile of the female athlete triad among elite Kenyan endurance athletes and non-athletes

  title={Profile of the female athlete triad among elite Kenyan endurance athletes and non-athletes},
  author={Y. Goodwin and Monyeki and Michael K. Boit and Johannes De Ridder and Abel L. Toriola},
  journal={Journal of Physical Activity and Health},
Women participating in endurance sports are at risk of presenting with low energy availability (EA), menstrual dysfunction (MD), and low bone mineral density (BMD), collectively termed the female athlete triad (FAT or TRIAD). Therefore, the purpose of the study was to determine the profile of the TRIAD among elite Kenyan female athletes and among non-athletes. There were 39 participants (athletes: 25, non-athletes:14) who provided the data for this study. Exercise energy expenditure (EEE) was… Expand
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Reduced EA has a negative influence on bone in both the short- and long-term, and every effort should be made to reduce its occurrence in physically active individuals. Expand


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  • Clinical journal of sport medicine : official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
  • 2009
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American College of Sports Medicine position stand. The female athlete triad.
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Prevalence of individual and combined components of the female athlete triad.
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Bone-mineral density and other features of the female athlete triad in elite endurance runners: a longitudinal and cross-sectional observational study.
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  • Journal of sports sciences
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The female athlete triad exists in both elite athletes and controls.
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Associations between disordered eating, menstrual dysfunction, and musculoskeletal injury among high school athletes.
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