Proficiency of virtual reality simulator training in flexible retrograde ureteroscopy renal stone management.


BACKGROUND Minimally invasive flexible ureteroscopy techniques have widely adopted in the management of patients with renal stones. We performed this study to investigate the value of virtual reality simulator training in retrograde flexible ureteroscopy renal stone treatment for catechumen. METHODS Thirty catechumen, included 17 attending physicians and… (More)


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